Health officials say the schools have serious problems, such as infestations of termites, mice, bats, and other pests; lack of toilets, electricity and water; in addition to sewage problems. Officials say the problems have been ongoing since 2011.
Other problems include a lack of wheelchair ramps, fire extinguishers, emergency plans, and unsafe gas tanks.
Most of the schools are located in rural areas of Limon and Guanacaste, while 13 of the schools are located in the San José metro area. More than 200 other schools also suffer from mild to moderate health-related offenses, but are not currently at risk of being closed.
If the 57 schools identified with serious problems do not resolve the situation in the coming months, they are at risk of being shutdown by health officials.
Officials said there is a serious backlog of needed repairs at the Office of Educational Infrastructure and Facilities of the Ministry of Public Education (MEP).
Some of the schools identified have yet to receive necessary repairs to damage caused by the 2012 Nicoya earthquake.