December 2nd, 2013 (InsideCostaRica.com) Costa Rica celebrated its 65th year without a military yesterday, December 1st.
On December 1, 1948, President José Figueres Ferrer of Costa Rica abolished the military of Costa Rica after victory in the civil war in that year. In a ceremony in the Cuartel Bellavista (now the National Museum), Figueres broke a wall with a mallet symbolizing the end of Costa Rica’s military spirit. In 1949, the abolition of the military was introduced in Article 12 of the Costa Rican Constitution.
In 1986, President Oscar Arias Sánchez declared December 1 as the Día de la Abolición del Ejército (Military Abolition Day) with Law #8115. Unlike its neighbours, Costa Rica has not endured a civil war since 1948.
Costa Rica’s position as a non-military actor has been cited as the reason for Costa Rica as being the headquarters for the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the United Nations’ University for Peace.