Latin American cartels are trafficking growing amounts of cocaine and methamphetamines to increasingly wealthy East Asian countries, a top U.S. counter-narcotics official said on Sept. 4.
Falling demand in the United States is driving the criminal gangs to look for new markets, U.S. Assistant Secretary for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs William Brownfield told a news conference in Manila.
“As the United States is increasingly successful in interrupting the flow of cocaine and methamphetamines from South America … these drug trafficking organizations will look for new markets, and some of those new markets will be in East Asia,” Brownfield said.
Cocaine consumption in the United States had dropped by more than 40% during the past six years, he said. At the same time, cocaine prices in Europe and East Asia have risen.
While methamphetamines are also manufactured by Asian gangs, Brownfield said coca leaves, the raw material for cocaine, are grown almost entirely in Bolivia, Peru and Colombia.
He said the U.S. was stepping up cooperation with the Philippines, which is a market and transit point for drugs and “the opening to East Asia for a trafficking organization in Latin America.”
“As trafficking organizations for heroin in Afghanistan and Myanmar search for new markets in the United States, the Philippines will be at the point of exit across the Pacific,” Brownfield added.
Arturo Cacdac, the Philippines’ counter-narcotics chief, said investigators were looking into the “Mexican” links of a Chinese gang arrested while allegedly manufacturing methamphetamine hydrochloride in one of the Philippines’ most luxurious housing enclaves in January last year.
“It’s possible that Latin American drug personalities are looking to the Far East as a market for drugs, not necessarily cocaine but also shabu,” he said, using the local name for methamphetamines.
The 1,800-member Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency has seized about 500 kilograms of illegal drugs this year, he added.
Brownfield is on the first leg of a 10-day, Asian tour to promote counter-narcotics, anti-corruption and human rights efforts. He flew to Myanmar later on Sept. 4 and is expected to visit Thailand and Japan.