President Daniel Ortega recently approved the $40-billion undertaking, granting the concession to little-known Hong Kong-based company HK Nicaragua Canal Development Investment Co., known as HKND Group.
Under the deal, the company led by Chinese tycoon Wang Jing gets 50 years of exclusive rights to build and operate the canal in exchange for Nicaragua receiving a minority share of the profits.
Now its poorest nation, “Nicaragua will become by far the richest country in Central America — and that will affect the entire region,” the La Paz daily Pagina Siete quoted HKDN spokesman Ronald MacLean Abaroa as saying.
MacLean Abaroa, a Bolivian former World Bank official, is a former mayor of La Paz and now serves as an advisor to HKND.
“Investment in this project is three to four times the GDP of Nicaragua, there will be an effect of full employment and prosperity,” he was quoted as saying.
Environmentalists have warned that the project could spark an environmental disaster that threatens drinking water supplies and fragile ecosystems.
MacLean Abaroa has said in the past that the company was considering four possible routes for the waterway, and all would necessarily go across Lake Nicaragua.
In the lake lies an island with an active volcano and some 300 small islands that serve as breeding grounds for the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus), the largest reptile living in Central America and the Caribbean.
In Sunday’s remarks, MacLean Abaroa said the waterway project could generate resources to deal with environmental problems such as the cleaning up of Lake Nicaragua and deforestation caused by endemic poverty and civil war.
The canal plan includes building ports, an airport, pipeline and a railway. A free trade zone is also set to be created.
The waterway is expected to be wider and deeper than the 82-kilometer (51-mile) Panama Canal.
Work should begin in May 2014 after a feasibility study is completed.
The Panama Canal handles five percent of world trade annually, and has hosted more than one million vessels since it was inaugurated in 1914.