December 1st, 2012 (InsideCostaRica.com) December 1st, 2012 marks the 64th anniversary since Costa Rica abolished its military. Former President Jose Figueres Ferrer formerly abolished the armed forces on December 1st, 1948, after victory in the civil war of that year.
In a ceremony, Figueres broke a wall with a mallet to symbolize the end of Costa Rica’s military.
The following year, the abolition of the military was introduced to the Costa Rican Constitution with Article 12.
The budget previously dedicated to the military has since been used for security, education, and culture.
President Oscar Arias Sanchez, in 1986, declared December 1st to be the Día de la Abolición del Ejército (Military abolition day) with Law #8115.
Costa Rica is one of only fifteen countries in the world which has absolutely no military forces.